ROME, ITALY - JUNE 03: Illustration of Rome; Italy on June 03, 2012..The National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II or Altar of the Fatherland or "Il Vittoriano" is a monument built to honour Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy.?It occupies a site between the Piazza Venezia and the Capitoline Hill. The monument was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi in 1885; sculpture for it was parceled out to established sculptors all over Italy?It was inaugurated in 1911 and completed in 1935.?The monument is built of white marble from Botticino, Brescia, and features stairways, Corinthian columns, fountains, an equestrian sculpture of Victor Emmanuel and two statues of the goddess Victoria riding on quadrigas. ?The structure is 135 m (443 ft) wide and 70 m (230 ft) high.?The base of the structure houses the museum of Italian Reunification.?The monument holds the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier with an eternal flame, built under the statue of Italy after World War I.?The monument was controversial since its construction destroyed a large area of the Capitoline Hill with a Medieval neighbourhood for its sake.
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